All people with type 1 diabetes, and many with type 2 diabetes, are treated with
insulin. There are many different kinds of insulin preparations. If you are
taking insulin it is important to know what type of insulin it is, how long it
takes to be active (onset), when it is most active (peak), and how long it lasts
(duration). Take it exactly as prescribed and do not change the amount unless
directed by your primary care provider.
Many people with type 2 diabetes take oral medications to help control diabetes.
These may be in addition to insulin, or without insulin. They may take a single
medication, or a combination of medications. The more a person utilizes healthy
eating and exercise to help control blood sugars, the less medication they will
need. Some people with type 2 diabetes are able to control blood sugars with
diet and exercise alone.
Insulin and some oral medications can cause low blood sugars if taken
incorrectly, or if meals are missed, or if the person gets more physical
activity than usual, or if they are getting more medication than they need. It
is important to let your primary care provider of diabetes educator know if you
are experiencing low blood sugars.