Diabetes medications

All people with type 1 diabetes, and many with type 2 diabetes, are treated with insulin. There are many different kinds of insulin preparations. If you are taking insulin it is important to know what type of insulin it is, how long it takes to be active (onset), when it is most active (peak), and how long it lasts (duration). Take it exactly as prescribed and do not change the amount unless directed by your primary care provider.

Many people with type 2 diabetes take oral medications to help control diabetes. These may be in addition to insulin, or without insulin. They may take a single medication, or a combination of medications. The more a person utilizes healthy eating and exercise to help control blood sugars, the less medication they will need. Some people with type 2 diabetes are able to control blood sugars with diet and exercise alone.

Insulin and some oral medications can cause low blood sugars if taken incorrectly, or if meals are missed, or if the person gets more physical activity than usual, or if they are getting more medication than they need. It is important to let your primary care provider of diabetes educator know if you are experiencing low blood sugars.