Diabetes and smoking

Diabetes increases the risk of coronary heart disease fourfold in women. Smoking increases the risk of coronary heart disease fourfold in women. Together, the effect may be additive, yielding a possible eightfold increase in coronary heart disease. Women with diabetes who smoke are strongly encouraged to stop smoking. For most women, a combination of group support and pharmacologic therapy is most effective. Please discuss smoking cessation with your primary care provider.

Learn more about quitting smoking.